Ramesh Raliya: The nano urea scientist who gave his invention to Indian farmers for free

Escalating up in a weak farming domestic in a tiny village in Rajasthan’s Jodhpur district, Ramesh Raliya’s school baggage have been generally stitched from watertight fertiliser sacks. Currently, the 33-year-old chemical scientist’s invention, the nano urea, has the potential to not just enable India help you save billions of bucks in imports and fertiliser subsidies, but also strengthen farm yields and protect against ecological damage brought on by the indiscriminate use of agrochemicals. Also, Raliya has licensed his invention for free of charge to make sure Indian farmers can obtain it at very low price tag.


This week, IFFCO, the country’s major fertiliser co-operative with earnings a lot more than Rs thirty,000 crore started out the industrial generation and sale of Raliya’s invention to lakhs of farmers.

How it is effective

Ramesh Raliya at do the job


Raliya’s patented nano urea, in liquid type, can be sprayed straight on the leaves in the course of two crucial expansion stages of a crop alternatively of chucking in standard urea in granular type to the soil. A 500ml bottle of nano urea can substitute the want for a 45kg bag of urea. “Nano urea is like having an intravenous injection rather than popping a capsule. The extremely-tiny particles are greater absorbed straight from the leaf than via the soil. Additional than 70 for every cent of the standard urea utilized in the soil continues to be unabsorbed by vegetation and it squandered. It helps make the soil acidic and the run-off finishes up polluting h2o bodies,” discussed Raliya, Normal Supervisor and Head of R&D at IFFCO. Raliya began operating on nano urea in 2009 in the course of his PhD at the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) and concluded its progress for use at industrial scale at Washington College, St Louis. “Several global agri companies have been keen to get the license, provided me beautiful royalties and employment with six-determine salaries. But my precondition was that nano urea must be designed readily available to farmers at price tag, or the most affordable value feasible,” he included.

In a letter to Primary Minister Modi in 2015, Raliya designed a equivalent supply. Undeterred by the lack of reaction he persevered, and at the third attempt, PMO officers invited him to make a presentation to a large team of scientists and specialists. Confident about Raliya’s solution after visits to his lab and trial fields in St Louis, the federal government hooked him up with IFFCO to commercialise it. In 2019, Raliya shifted foundation to India, joined IFFCO and established up a nanotechnology R&D centre at Gandhinagar.

Protecting against abnormal use

India works by using about sixty million tonnes of fertilisers yearly. The Governing administration spends approximately Rs 1 lakh crore a year in fertiliser subsidy or about Rs 7000 for every farmer. This generally functions as a perverse incentive for farmers to use them with indiscriminate excessive foremost to soil infertility, ecological damage and a harmful foodstuff chain. Punjab for occasion works by using 246 kg of fertiliser for every hectare in opposition to a nationwide ordinary of one hundred thirty five kg. “Our place lacks the uncooked resources for fertilisers. Oil and gasoline wanted to make them are scarce sources and not sustainable. At IFFCO we feel in producing sustainable, progressive answers to decrease the enter price tag of agriculture and raise farmers’ revenue. That is the rationale we have been able to generate the world’s very first nano urea liquid,” said US Awasthi, MD and CEO, IFFCO.

Urea, a type of fertiliser is made use of as a supply of nitrogen for plant expansion and progress. Nitrogen is the crucial constituent of amino acids, enzymes, DNA and RNA and chlorophyll in a plant. Ordinarily, the nitrogen information in a healthier plant ranges from 1.5-four for every cent. Considering that nano nitrogen particles are dispersed in liquid type in nano urea, they commence acting nearly right away when sprayed on crop leaves to meet up with the crop dietary requirement and also trigger pathways for uptake and assimilation of nitrogen.

All India trials, on approximately forty crops at a lot more than eleven,000 destinations, confirmed nano urea improves crop efficiency by 8 for every cent (in fruits and vegetables the gains have been as large as 24 for every cent) and can decrease the want for standard urea by 50 %. Further, software of nano urea increases biomass, soil health and fitness and dietary good quality of the deliver. According to IFFCO, when all its 3 vegetation commence making 32 crore bottles of nano urea yearly, it could substitute approximately a hundred and forty lakh tonnes of subsidised urea saving the place near to Rs thirty,000 crore, not counting the added benefits of noticeably lessen logistics and warehousing expenditures.

But, for a youthful person who could have make huge revenue providing this commercially, why did Raliya select to supply his exploration for free of charge?

“Coming from a farming spouse and children, I have viewed the hardships of agriculture very first-hand. I was introduced up to feel what you do for your place and group issues a lot more than personalized ambition. Also, as a scientist, I’m not supplying absent anything. This is my investment in my atmosphere, farmers and place.”

Raliya’s school bag have to have carried a lot more than just textbooks.