Untimely rains, very poor top quality hybrid seeds applied in HTBT (herbicide tolerant biotechnology) cotton seeds and incidence of pink bollworm in some regions have resulted in a critical fall in yields in the just concluded kharif time.
Inspite of huge demand for fibre crop in the domestic and international marketplaces, thousands of farmers are not ready to funds in on a substantial price tag predicament in several mandis. Industry professionals peg the fall in yields and creation by up to twenty-25 per cent.
“The major rain induced by Cyclone Gulab in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have harmed the standing crop of cotton at several spots. Extra rainfall in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Telangana could influence the yield of cotton, which is in the flowering stage,” a current market intelligence report by the Prof. Jayashankar Telangana Point out Agricultural University (PJTSAU) has said.
M Prabhakara Rao, President of the National Seed Affiliation of India, has said that late rains thanks to La Nina and pink bollworm incidence are the big factors for very poor yields and creation in cotton this year. “Use of very poor top quality seeds supplied in the title of 4G (fourth technology Bt seeds) in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra is also an significant purpose for the fall in yields,” he said.
Ram Kaundinya, of Federation of Seed Industry of India and Alliance for Agri Innovation, concurs. “Cotton yields in the Kharif time are lessen by about twenty per cent largely thanks to unusually major rains in the big cotton growing regions of West and South India during September to November 2021,” Kaundinya said.
“Incidence of pink bollworm assault has led to some yield fall. The distribute of unlawful HTBT namely 3G, 4G too is a purpose for the fall in yields,” he said.
HTBT in very poor top quality seeds
He said the minimal top quality of genetics and actual physical top quality of the seed applied in the unlawful supplies has affected yields. “This is a really serious challenge considering that far more than twenty per cent of cotton place in the state. The HTBT place in the South and West is about thirty per cent of the complete cotton place there,” he said.
“There is a require for a comprehensive method to arrest the distribute of unlawful HTBT. The federal government have to come down seriously on the seed creation of the unapproved HTBT and its further distribution,” he said.
If it is not stopped, there is a danger that it may well penetrate further in the next a few decades and hurt the crop yields in advance of the lawfully accredited seed comes into the current market, he felt.
A prime govt of a cottonseed company, wishing to be anonymous, said that the distribution network of HTBT cottonseed can hoodwink the federal government businesses. “They are camouflaging the unlawful seed by packaging the substance in these kinds of a way that it seems to be like packets of accredited models,” he said.
In some regions in Telangana, farmers documented yield losses up to fifty per cent. Yields fell to four-five quintals an acre from about ten-twelve quintals that they reaped in a excellent year.